During her historic flight from 16 to 19 June 1963, the first woman in space was faced with a serious malfunction in her spacecraft. A secret she would keep for 30 years! Valentina Tereshkova explains why.
50 years ago on 16 June 1963 the Vostok 6 spacecraft took off from Baikonur with the first woman to go into orbit on board, Valentina Tereshkova. The young, 26-year old woman was allowing her country to once again beat the United States in the space race, which saw the two superpowers pitted against one another against the backdrop of the Cold War and ideological confrontation. It was this climate of tension that explained why the cosmonaut promised to keep the secret about the major malfunction of her spacecraft which may have prevented her return to Earth! Since then, times have changed and, 30 years after her historic flight lasting almost 3 days, the engineer responsible for the breakdown began to talk openly about it, releasing Valentina Tereshkova from her promise to Korolev, the Soviet genius who designed the Semiorka (today's Soyuz) rocket. Interviewed in 2011, Valentina Tereshkova reflected on this flight and this 30-year old secret.
To find out more about women in space, read this Enjoy Space feature published to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Valentina Tereshkova's flight. The Cité de l'Espace is paying tribute to female astronauts with a special exhibition presented in this article.
The Cité de l’espace at the heart of space news! From 8 to 14 December, come on a journey with us to the ALMA and Paranal observatories in Chile and to the site of the future European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT).